Type 2 Diabetes & NAFLD

25% of the worldwide population have Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (5). In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, NAFLD reaches up to 70% of this population (6).

Here’s how Type 2 diabetes and NAFLD are connected:

Insulin resistance:

Key factor in both type 2 diabetes and NAFLD which in turn leads to an increased build up of fat within the liver. NAFLD can worsen insulin resistance.

Type 2 Diabetes & NAFLD

Type 2 Diabetes & NAFLD

Shared risk factors:

Obesity, sedentary lifestyle, and unhealthy dietary habits are common risk factors for both type 2 diabetes and NAFLD. These factors contribute to insulin resistance, metabolic abnormalities, and increased fat deposition in the liver.

Metabolic syndrome:

Obesity is often accompanied by other metabolic abnormalities, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes. These increase the risk of developing NAFLD and its progression to more severe stages. These can all contribute to the development and progression of both conditions.

Type 2 Diabetes & NAFLD

Managing type 2 diabetes and NAFLD involves a comprehensive approach:

Lifestyle modifications:

Weight loss through a healthy diet and regular physical activity is crucial for both conditions. A well-balanced diet focusing on whole foods, fibre-rich carbohydrates, lean proteins, and healthy fats can help improve insulin sensitivity, manage blood sugar levels, and reduce liver fat.

For more information visit the British Liver Trust website.

Type 2 Diabetes & NAFLD
Type 2 Diabetes & NAFLD

Glucose control:

Maintaining good glycaemic control is essential.

Regular monitoring:

Regular check-ups, including FibroScan examinations, liver function tests and diabetes management assessments, are important to monitor the progression of both conditions and detect any complications early on.

Type 2 Diabetes & NAFLD
Type 2 Diabetes & NAFLD


Although NAFLD is not caused by alcohol consumption, it’s still important to avoid excessive alcohol intake. Alcohol directly damages your liver and can lead to additional fat build up in your liver which in turn can cause further liver damage.

If you are concerned about your liver health, we are here to help. Book your FibroScan today