Here’s how Type 2 diabetes and NAFLD are connected:
Key factor in both type 2 diabetes and NAFLD which in turn leads to an increased build up of fat within the liver. NAFLD can worsen insulin resistance.
Shared risk factors:
Obesity, sedentary lifestyle, and unhealthy dietary habits are common risk factors for both type 2 diabetes and NAFLD. These factors contribute to insulin resistance, metabolic abnormalities, and increased fat deposition in the liver.
Obesity is often accompanied by other metabolic abnormalities, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes. These increase the risk of developing NAFLD and its progression to more severe stages. These can all contribute to the development and progression of both conditions.
Managing type 2 diabetes and NAFLD involves a comprehensive approach:
Weight loss through a healthy diet and regular physical activity is crucial for both conditions. A well-balanced diet focusing on whole foods, fibre-rich carbohydrates, lean proteins, and healthy fats can help improve insulin sensitivity, manage blood sugar levels, and reduce liver fat.
For more information visit the British Liver Trust website.
Maintaining good glycaemic control is essential.
Regular check-ups, including FibroScan examinations, liver function tests and diabetes management assessments, are important to monitor the progression of both conditions and detect any complications early on.
Although NAFLD is not caused by alcohol consumption, it’s still important to avoid excessive alcohol intake. Alcohol directly damages your liver and can lead to additional fat build up in your liver which in turn can cause further liver damage.